The denizens of the deep

What is life in the dark, deprived of light the depths of the ocean? The deeper one penetrates into the sea the daylight is, the faster it weakens. A traveler in the depths of the ocean V. Beebe writes that the water in the upper 50 m green color. at the depth of 60 m is greenish-blue or blue-green, 180 m in her clear blue color, at 300 m is a weak blackish-blue. Even at a depth of 580 m Bib caught the last traces of light. Various devices with photographic plates, and more precisely with the help of photomultiplier cameras detected that the light penetrates into the ocean to a depth of 1500 m. Deeper no devices it not get it. But animals and deeper 1500 m. They exist here in complete darkness, in which only here and there the glimmer of ghostly lights cold “living light”. Even on the biggest depth of about 11 thousand m — you can find animals. At this depth, they feel a tremendous pressure.

Life on the sea bottom at a depth of 3-5 m In the center — luminous brittle star hitching a ride, a spider crab and cancer munidopsis. For them. — animals leading a sedentary lifestyle, sea feathers. Top left — red crustacean shrimp.

The oceanic environment is called the realm of monotony. This is particularly true with respect to the depths of the ocean. Here in the water there are almost no oscillations of temperature and salinity. In the depths of the ocean and at its bottom isnipe comparison with coastal areas in the thousands and tens of thousands of times poorer. At the coast the number of benthic animals are often expressed by hundreds of grams or even a few kilograms per square metre of seabed. And in the depths of the ocean is equal to the number of sometimes only a few milligrams on the same area of bottom. The density of plankton in the coastal waters reaches hundreds, sometimes thousands of milligrams per 1 m 3. but in the depths it is limited to milligrams or even fractions of a milligram. This is primarily due to the abundance of food, at the coast and the lack of it in the depths of the ocean. Continue reading

Dream interpretation

What dreams Shark in a dream:

Shark is a cunning predator of the sea. About his approach can be known only by rising above from the water the dorsal fin. Shark we often call a strong, agile, and unforgiving man who knows his craft, saying for example “shark business”. Seeing a shark in a dream means that the person with whom you are quite closely linked – a real predator who likes to reign over you. He always and everywhere dictate its will, and it hardly gives you pleasure. The shark can also mean that you need to expect an attack. If a shark is chasing or attacking you in a dream, such a dream promises the reality of the inevitable setbacks that cast you into despair. The shark represents a terrible, terrible enemy, so if she is seen in a dream dead, we need not fear – the enemies will leave you alone, and your life will be prosperity. If you dreamed that not one shark but a whole flock of them behaves aggressively towards you, you could be in big trouble. But the dream is always enigmatic and you can see a tame shark. In this case, the dream allegorically says that next to you is a dangerous man, but to you personally it should not be afraid. If you have to kill a shark, we expect victory over the enemy. Soup made from shark meat may mean that you are trying to suppress sobstvennymi caused by someone. Depending, tasty or not, you can judge how well you succeed.

Dream interpretation of the Gypsy Seraphim

What dreams Shark dream book:

Shark is a voracious opportunistic predator, living at the expense of others; those who succeed at the expense of others. “Shark” – greedy crafty person, according to the dictionary predictor. Continue reading

Dangerous inhabitants of the red sea

At the mention of the dangers of tropical seas anyone remembers immediately about sharks (a), as if the only purpose of their life is hunting for divers in order to satisfy their insatiable appetite, in some places, sharks very much, but it’s far from those satanic creatures, which gives us our imagination.

Photographers trying to take pictures of sharks up close, know very well that at the slightest attempt to approach the sharks, they swim away. Really, dangerous animals are rare, but at the meeting, they always attack. In addition, we should not forget that sharks are strong predators, standing at the head of the food chain of the underwater world that they are very functionally arranged and very aggressive when attacking.

Therefore, when bathing in such waters should be excluded the following risky actions: being on the surface of the water don’t need to beat on her arms and legs (resembling a wounded fish), you should not swim in the Harbor, and muddy waters, to hunt with a harpoon gun (vibration and blood attract and excite sharks), dive at night in shark and try to offer them food. If you are a shark comes, do not rush to their heels: turn around to face her, but your behavior is to stay calm.

Often fish with a frightening appearance, is actually harmless, if they are not injured and nobody interrupt Coit. These include mu Rena ( Muraenidae ), which sometimes reach a phenomenal size, and despite its reputation, in fact timid and shy. Or Barracuda, with their frightening appearance and enormous teeth; they sometimes gather in flocks of up to several hundred individuals and under close to Plymouth

divers, however, not on falling to them.

Triggerfish, especially the view Balistoides viridescens . can hit when guarding large rounded nests with future offspring. If you get too close, the fish without hesitation attacked and forced to retreat quickly to avoid more decisive action. However, the real danger of tropical waters are poisonous creatures. The most dangerous in this respect are representatives of the family Scorpaenidae , of which the dorsal, ventral, and anal fins are provided with needles that are connected to venomous glands. Continue reading

Safety first

Fair to say that on the black sea coast is far less dangerous creatures than in many other places. Due to the low salinity and the poverty of the animal world, the Black sea very friendly to visitors. And yet, in rare, rare cases some nasty creatures may spoil our stay.


Stingray. Feeds on benthic molluscs. Visit sandy beaches, can stab or cut them serrated poisonous spine on the tail. Symptoms – severe pain, fever, nausea, heart problems. The long wound that never heals. Stingray prefers deserted sandy beaches, often to the shore at night. Safety measures: not to jump in such conditions in shallow water – try to lie down and float. To observe the cautious, meeting with floating ramp, removing it from the hook. You can get toxic shot, even the dead Stingray.

The Scorpion, sea ruff. Well camouflaged in the stones, overgrown by algae. Not shy. Dorsal spines contain a powerful venom. The injection causes severe pain, nausea, swelling. To get the shot, stepping on a Scorpion, removing it from the hook or razdelyaya.

Weeverfish. Often occurs on stony shallows. Quite shy, swims up to his hand. Can attack and jab poisonous sharp spines. A strong poison that causes loss of consciousness, prolonged malaise. Requires hospitalization.

Shark-Katran. Length of about one meter. Found at great depths far from shore. Not dangerous for tourists, as only fishermen when fishing it is possible to prick of poisonous spikes on the back or get a bite.

Jellyfish-kornerot. A large, purple jellyfish with long tentacles. Behind it in the water, stretching the filaments poisonous mucus. So you can get burned in the distance. Burns like nettles. Some sensitive people develop an allergic reaction. Precautions – do not swim for jellyfish if you touch the jellyfish, do not RUB eyes. Often the poison gets under the swimsuit, and burns the tender places. Need to go to the beach, change into dry – burning will cease. Continue reading

Varieties Of Goldfish


Golden fish with long body and short fins. Has a delicate colourless scales, which is visible through the painted body in various colors. In the painting are white, red, blue, black, purple and yellow tones. Similar coloring in other species of fish is called calico, and goldfish – “calico”. Very rare in these individuals purple and blue colors that appear only in the second period of their lives.


An individual with an elongated body, which has a tail often longer than the trunk. The longer the fins are, the more valued this type. Color red-white or bright red. The choice often is made in favor of fish with different coloration on body and fins. Not so long ago were obtained calico comets.

Telescope (demekin)

Body ovoid and swollen form. All fins are long and forked tail and the anal. Interesting pattern of this breed is characterized by very large eyes. They, as a rule, symmetrical, and identical. Color staining is very diverse – bright red, orange, calico and black. But best of all are appreciated among the lovers of aquarium fish calico and black goldfish.

Telescope Butterfly

Has fused at the top, a bit short, forked tail fin. The lower edge of the caudal fin is very diluted in different directions, kocharyanin, when viewed from above the wings of a butterfly. Continue reading

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